Why do vision related reading and learning problems continue to mystify the public eye? Does it has something to do with the eye of the beholder?
The social media last week was a buzz! Everyone wanted to know, “Is the dress white and gold or blue and black?” How did you see it? And why don’t we all see it the same way? The news agencies who cited the story all asked their top experts in the field of vision, neuroscience and psychology with the expectation of getting a rational, understandable explanation why everyone does not see it the same way, but all of the various opinions only seem to add to the confusion. My colleague, Dr. Leonard Press posted yesterday on the VisionHelp Blog a nice summary of the mystery of the colored dress story with 3 different news agencies explanations. However, in the end as Dr. Press stated, “It is a fine example of color being in the eye of the beholder, yet beholden to the brain.”
So, given the fact that there is complexity in the answer to the question about the color of the dress, is it no surprise that there is confusion when it comes to another known reality about the human brain and visual abilities needed to read and learn effectively. Neuroscience and clinical research has shown that there can be problems of the visual system that affect reading and learning. What’s more these vision related learning problems can occur even with the individual being able to see clearly (20/20), pass a regular eye sight and eye health examination. Therefore, just like in the dress, a person with a vision related learning problem can perceive differently even though they have normal eyes and eye sight.
But, unlike the novelty of the dress, this topic of vision related reading and learning problems is a serious public health issue that occurs 1 in 12 children and affects over 20,000,000 in the US alone. Vision related reading and learning problems limit a child’s ability to read and learn has been extensively documented in the literature. We written extensively on this topic in the VisionHelp Blog. There have been countless professional papers cited, textbooks and authoritative Professional Fact Papers written. Yet, even though there is plenty of notable scientific evidence to show that these visual problems exist, the public still is largely unaware of the serious impact these conditions have on a child life who is attempting to read and learn.
The importance of reading to a child’s academic development and self esteem cannot be overstated. For that reason VisionHelp applauds March 2nd as the NEA’s Read Across America Day! This wonderful national movement recognizes the birthday and achievements of the work of Dr. Seuss by encouraging all children to read…read…read!
But, now that our country has a heightened awareness for how visual perception can influence one’s abilities to see the same color of a dress in two different ways, we call upon all parents, teachers and professionals who work with children to pay close attention to those children who don’t like to read and ask the question…WHY? WHY? WHY? With that thought in mind, “What would Dr. Seuss have done if a child wanted to read – but could not – because his vision prevented him an awful lot?”
Vision related learning problems do not have to be like the color of the dress mystery. Yes, vision problems that affect reading are recognizable and respond to effective treatment as long as the doctor performs the correct tests and makes the diagnosis. What’s more every licensed doctor of Optometry in the US has had training and should be aware of these conditions. But, a child with a vision related learning problem may slip by a good doctor just like the dress example may look like a blue and black dress when it is white and gold. If the doctor’s history does not alert them that the child in their exam chair is struggling in reading then they may not administer the necessary tests to properly diagnose. So it is important to alert the doctor of the concerns. And once these visual problems are identified the Doctor of Optometry can then treat and/or refer to a doctor who specializes in the field of developmental vision and rehabilitation.
So in closing there are just two things for you to do, yes, Thing 1 and Thing 2
Thing 2…Take action. When a child struggles in reading make sure to alert your Optometrist and request that they perform a comprehensive vision evaluation (or refer to a developmental vision specialist) including testing of their binocular vision, accommodation (eye focusing), oculomotor (tracking) and visual processing abilities.
In the words of Dr. Seuss…
Dan L. Fortenbacher, O.D., FCOVD